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CPA – These three simple initials after your name makes you one in a million in the finance and accounting fraternity. You feel proud to belong to the most elite group of the world’s topmost Public Accountants.
Being a CPA doesn’t only mean that you are a qualified professional accountant, it means much more than that. A CPA degree after your name makes your career opportunities as vast as the corporate world can be. You get globally mobile. You are unanimously trusted as an international finance professional with high calibres and you are eligible to fill in any respectful position of the industry. Most CFos and Director Finances of the industry are CPAs. Whenever there is a choice between a CPA and a non-CPA to fill in a prestigious post, a CPA is always picked up because of the trustworthiness associated with the designation. According to the AICPA, CPAs earn 10-15% more than non-CPAs working in accounting-related jobs. Or you can look at it this way, a CPA has the potential to boost their earnings by $1 million over their lifetime compared to a non CPA in the same position. Here while talking about CPA, we mean the CPA US qualification provided by AICPA – as that is the most worldwide valued CPA designation in the business world.
However attractive the above sentences sound, do not take a decision in haste. Because behind every great prestige there is a greater dedication required.
The decision to become CPA US or a Certified Public Accountant, is absolutely a personal one – depending on your life and professional goals.
A CPA US is a licensed accountant who has:
- Passed a series of rigorous tests administered by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)
- Completed 150 hours of coursework
- Worked at least one year in the accounting field under a licensed CPA.
While accountants can prepare detailed financial reports, audit the books of public companies, and prepare reports for tax purposes, only CPAs can legally sign tax returns and represent clients at tax audits or other matters by the IRS.
The CPA designation requires continual educational enhancement.
CPAs must complete 80 hours of Continuing Professional Education (CPE) every two years to keep their license current. In most states, the requirement includes a minimum number of accounting and auditing courses, as well as a board-approved ethics course.
It’s a commitment. Don’t do it just because someone tells you to. Do it because you want to do it and you want to make a lucrative future in the Public Accounting Domain.
CPAs need to be analytical and detail-oriented. They need good written and oral communication skills and good people handling skills.
And, they need to pass the four-part CPA exam. They also need to meet the eligibility requirement to write the exams.
CPA exam is conducted by American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). NASBA represents the 50 State Board of Accountancy and 4 districts which determine the Exam eligibility of the candidates. Different states of the US have different sets of eligibility criteria and a CPA aspirant needs to be evaluated as eligible for a given state before writing for the exams from that state. The relevant State Board of Accountancy declares the Exam score. After passing the exam one needs to apply for the license from the respective State Board of Accountancy in case he wants to practise as a Chartered Accountant in the United States and some more first world countries.
You need to send all your educational documents to an expert for the basic evaluation of your CPA eligibility before you go for an official evaluation by NASBA. You are eligible to write the exams if you possess a 4 years bachelor degree in commerce or you have a master in finance and accounting, you are the perfect candidate to give CPA a go.
MONTHS OF CPA EXAMS:
January & February: Testing Window
March: Dead Month
April & May: Testing Window
June: Dead Month
July & August: Testing Window
September: Dead Month
October & November: Test Window
December: Dead Month
Candidates are allowed to take all four sections of the exam during any testing window and in any order they choose. However, you may not take the same section more than once during any single testing window.
Exam Papers, Syllabus, Exam tenures and Exam structure:
- FAR(4 hour exam) 60% MCQ, 40% Simulations
- Financial Accounting & Reporting
- US GAAP & IFRS
2. AUD(4 hour exam) 60% MCQ, 40% Simulations
- Auditing & Attestation
- Auditing standards & procedures
- REG(3 hour exam) 60% MCQ, 40% Simulations
- US federal taxation & business law
- BEC(3 hours exam) 85% MCQ, 15% Written Communication Tasks
- Business Environment & Concepts
- Understanding business transactions
Countries where CPA Exams are conducted:
- Apart from the US, CPA exam is nowadays also conducted in countries like UAE, Bahrain, Kuwait and Lebanon. This has reduced the total cost of doing CPA by a significant amount for the Asian students.